Face negotiation theory by stella ting toomey
Teori negosiasi muka (face-negotiation theory) dikembangkan oleh stella ting-toomey pada 1988teori ini memberikan sebuah dasar untuk memperkirakan bagaimana manusia akan menyelesaikan masalah berdasarkan muka dalam sebuah kebudayaan yang berbeda. Stella ting-toomey began her research on the face-negotiation theory in the 1980s the face negotiation theory is an objective theory that “explains, predicts, and advises” with an analysis based only on self-report data resulting from experiments conducted by ting-toomey and her co-researcher, john oetzel (griffin, 2009. Dqs 1 are the collectivistic cultures better at resolving conflict 2 i feel like collectivistic cultures, while they do save face for those they like, are very willing to attack and degrade those who go against authority- do you think this is this is true why, or why not notes: facework specific verbal and nonverbal. Face negotiation theory 1 face negotiation theory communication studies department sjsu dr marquita l byrd 2 stella ting-toomey • professor of human communication studies at california state university, fullerton. Stella ting-toomey, phd, is professor of speech communication at california state university, fullerton the author or editor of 11 books, she has published extensively on cross-cultural facework, intercultural conflict, asian communication patterns, and the effective identity negotiation model.
Theory face-negotiation theory author stella ting-toomey initial presentation in book/article intercultural conflict styles: a face-negotiation theory exemplar the author uses negotiation practices as the example for this theory the differences between american-originating people and japanese, vietnamese, chinese, and korean-originating people in negotiating. The face-negotiation theory and stella ting-toomey essay - in the world of communication, there are many theories which describe different ways people communicate. A specific communication theory that will be highlighted is the face-negotiation theory developed by stella ting-toomey simply stated, dr ting-toomey suggests that conflict is a consequence of identity management on an individual and cultural level, and occurs when an individual or group’s face is threatenedshow more content.
Translating conflict face-negotiation theory into practice stella ting-toomey the aim of this chapter is twofold: first, to provide a for example, explains that many mexicans tend to use the spanish pronoun usted in formal situations. It has been discussed that ting-toomey’s face-negotiation theory is indeed a reasonable theory however, it is important to put any theory to the test, as did john oetzel, karen k myers, mary meares, and estefana lara. Stella ting-toomey (1988) f ace combines principles of intercultural communication, conflict, politeness, and “facework” goffman (1967) and ho (1976) face as a metaphor for examining self -image face-negotiation theory author: gboone created date. Stella ting-toomey's face-negotiation theory helps to explain cultural differences in response to conflict a basic assumption is that all people negotiate face 1 face is a metaphor for our public self-image 2.
Face negotiation theory is a theory first postulated by stella ting-toomey in 1985 to explain how different cultures manage conflict and communicate the theory has gone through multiple iterations since that time and has been updated most recently in 2005 [1. The conflict face negotiation theory (fnt), developed by stella ting-toomey in 1988 and up to the present, explains the culture-based, individual-based, and situational-based factors. Stella ting-toomey's face-negotiation theory helps explain the cultural differences of responding to conflict she assumes that people of every culture are always negotiating face the term face is a metaphor for our public self-image, the way we want others to see us and treat us. Face-negotiation theory -- stella ting-toomey three important distinctions different ways members of a culture perceive self goals duty individualism vs collectivism. According to ting-toomey, while the sets of super-strategy: face-restoration, face-assertion, face-giving, face-saving, are present in all negotiations settings in all cultures, certain sets of super-strategy are preferred by members of a culture more often than others.
Face negotiation theory by stella ting toomey
Stella ting-toomey’s face negotiation theory is based on two concepts of chinese conception people are considered to have two specific faces and these are called “mien-tzu” and “lien” mien-tzu is an external face, one that is social in nature, and involves authority, power, and influence. Face-negotiation theory stella ting-toomey developed face negotiation theory to explain cultural differences in communication and conflict resolution ting-toomey defines face as ting-toomey, stella (1990) a face negotiation perspective communicating for peace sage yang, martin c (1945. A presentation on the theory analysis of negotiation scenes from movie “frozen (2013)”, by siti arifa rachminia. On monday, april 13, beginning at 11 am, stella ting-toomey, professor of human communication studies, will present her outstanding professor lecture on “intercultural conflict face-negotiation theory: a researcher’s journey.
The objective of this study was to test ting‐toomey's (1988a) theory on conflict face‐negotiation more specifically, the study examined the relationship between face maintenance dimensions and conflict styles in japan, china, south korea, taiwan, and the united states. Name : cindyva adani nim : 00000002892 course : communication theory 2 summary of: face – negotiation theory based on the research of stella ting-toomey ting-toomey bases much of her theory on face and facework. Stella ting-toomey and the face-negotiation theory face-negotiation theory seeks to explain and understand the roots of conflict in terms of identity management on both individual and cultural level. Stella ting‐toomey california state university, fullerton, usa search for more papers by this author identity negotiation theory concerns the importance of negotiating sociocultural membership identity and personal identity issues in intercultural and interpersonal communication settings the entry is organized in five sections.
The face negotiation theory explains how cultural difference in people influence in managing conflicts the theory was formulated by stella ting-toomey, professor of human comm introduction relationships base the life of every individual as humans are social beings. Research on face negotiation theory the research on face negotiation theory in this paper will be organized chronologically, as opposed to thematically, to show how the research has evolved over time. The face negotiation theory, developed by stella ting-toomey, explains the culture-based and situational factors that shape communicators' tendencies in approaching and managing conflicts the meaning of face is generally conceptualized as how we want others to see us and treat us and how we. The objective of this article is three-fold: first, to provide an update on face-negotiation theory (ting-toomey 1988) second, to introduce a facework competence model for intercultural conflict training and third, to discuss several major training and research issues in using the face-negotiation theory and its companion model, the facework.